ENT Updates
Clinical Research

Evaluation of the articulatory characteristics of voice in cochlear implanted children

1.

Department of Otolaryngology, Izmir Bozyaka Research and Training Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Izmir, Turkey

2.

Department of Otolaryngology, Izmir Tepecik Research and Training Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Izmir, Turkey

ENT Updates 2017; 7: 131-138
DOI: 10.2399/jmu.2017003005
Read: 329 Downloads: 362 Published: 28 January 2021

Objective: To investigate the effect of cochlear implantation on articulation by using voice- onset time (VOT).

Methods: At the first phase of this study, a total of 25 children without hearing loss were examined. VOT values of Turkish plosive consonants of /p/, /b/, /t/, /d/, /k/, /g/ specific to this age group were estimated, and their standardization was achieved. To this end, Kay Elemetrics CSL 4400 software (Key Elemetrics Ltd, Lincoln Park, NJ, USA) was used. Referencing these VOT values, 40 children ages ranging between 4 and 11 years who underwent cochlear implantation in our clinic were divided into six groups based on the duration of cochlear implantation, and VOT values were determined in these groups. These groups were compared within themselves, and with healthy children.

Results: VOT values of consonants increased as the duration of cochlear implantation increased and approached to those of the children with normal hearing, and at the end of four years of cochlear implant use, they caught up with those of the normal hearing group.

Conclusion: Our results have shown that early stage implantation, and use of implant for an adequate time period have a favorable impact on articulation in other words on comprehensibility of speech. We thought that VOT can be use in the evaluation of the effect of cochlear implant on the development of speech.

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